Vertical Agriculture:What Is The Agricultural Method Of The Future?

Vertical Agriculture:What Is The Agricultural Method Of The Future?

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Vertical agriculture is one of the biggest elements that makes the future in our lives the future. So, what does this method of Agriculture really give us?

The world's population is growing every day. That number is expected to reach 10 billion by 2030. After that, every 10 years, the world's population is expected to increase by another 1 billion. However, there are about 3200 million hectares of agricultural land in the world. According to the International Agricultural Organization FAO, the per capita agricultural area has decreased by 20% in recent years. So, the world's population is increasing, agricultural areas are decreasing, what should we do? The solution could be vertical farming.

As the future takes shape over time, the logic of vertical gardening, like smartphones, radically enters our lives. So there's no escaping it, it has to be part of the future. So how is this vertical farming done, which we hear a lot about? What does it do? What are the advantages?

So What Exactly Is This Vertical Agriculture?

What we call vertical agriculture is not the exact equivalent of the term landless agriculture, which is now a very popular concept. In other words, industrial or home hydroponics can contain the concept of agriculture within the body, only when it comes to hydroponics, the vertical system of strawberry growing or something should not come to mind.

Vertical system aquaculture (global vertical farming) is now an innovative agricultural method in which food is produced not in fields or farms, but in closed environments such as laboratories, with less labor force and less cost. The biggest returns of this method are that it reduces the cost of water and pesticides to zero. There is also the possibility of taking crops all year round. However, it takes up many times less space than normal agriculture and does not require transportation from farm to city. This method can be applied both in homes and apartments, and even in your own small room.

The state of Singapore, which makes a living only on exports and has almost no agricultural area, has invested all its capital in vertical agriculture. So much so that you can see skyscrapers in the center of the city, like a lush forest. Research shows that agriculture with this type of building model consumes 40% less energy. In addition, in almost normal agriculture, the crop that will be taken on an area of 1000 m2 can be produced on an area of 100 m2 in this model.


The Future Of The Food Industry

These facilities need only 5% of the water used in normal agriculture. It can also be obtained from rainwater. Also, considering that the plant is equipped with solar panels, the cost of production is reduced to almost zero.

As is known, solar energy contains all colors. But research has found that agricultural products only need blue and red light. In other words, all kinds of products can be produced in a closed area only by providing these two lights as described above.

I want to explain the benefits of vertical agriculture compared to traditional agriculture in the list below;

• Take up less space. The same amount of crops can be grown in 1/10 percent fewer areas.

• It needs much less water. With almost 95% less water, the same proportion of crops can grow.

• Organic products can be grown without the need for hormones and spraying.

• Labor and machinery costs are significantly reduced.

• It can be produced in urban centers. Thus, while benefiting the city ecosystem (such as fresh air),transportation costs from villages to cities are eliminated.

• It is possible to crop year-round (up to 6 times a year).

• Agrochemical use is almost never used, and sterilization is not much needed.

• In the system, the weed problem is eliminated.

• There is no accumulation of carcinogenic nitrate in the products.

• Because irrigation machines will be done automatically, problems such as water stress or drought are eliminated.

Vertical Farming At Home

Vertical farming at home is not something very far from being reached. Even in your home, balcony and garden, you can deal with this work as a hobby by providing the necessary vertical agricultural apparatus. The vertical system can be the new favorite of housewives, as it is both low cost and does not need to be spent a lot of time.

Growing strawberries in the pipe that you hear from your environment can be an easy and efficient start. By doing your necessary research, you can also become an agricultural detective. With this method, you can grow strawberries, lettuce, tomatoes, yesilions, carrots and even potatoes in your home.

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